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What is voyeurism?

Voyeurism is a paraphilia. According to the DSM 5, there is voyeuristic disorder, when there have been "over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent and intense sexual arousal from observing an unsuspecting person who is naked, in the process of disrobing, or engaging in sexual activity, as manifested by fantasies, urges, or behaviors." "The individual has acted on these sexual urges with a nonconsenting person, or the sexual urges or fantasies cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning." "The individual experiencing the arousal and/or acting on the urges is at least 18 years of age."


A link with exhibitionism?

Watching an exhibitionist is very rarely exciting for people with voyeuristic disorder. They need the person they observe to be nonconsenting to feel sexual excitement.

The difference with candaulism

Voyeurism is different from caudaulism. In candaulism, a man exposes his sexual partner to other people. It can just be for their voyeuristic pleasure or the candaulist may ask his partner to engage in sexual relations with these people.

List of paraphilic disorders

Here is a non-exhaustive list of paraphilic disorders: fetishism, transvestism, sadism, masochism, zoophilia, voyeurism, exhibitionism, frotteurism, pedophilia, necrophilia, urophilia.